The turkey is a large bird in the Mileages genus, which is native to the Americas. One species Mileages gallop is native to the forests of North America. The domestic turkey is a descendant of this species. The other living species is Mileages cell ate or the O cell ate Turkey native to the forests of the Yucatan Peninsula.Turkeys are classed in the taxonomic order of Gall i forms where they are relatives of the grouse. Males of both turkey species have a distinctive fleshy wattle or protuberance that hangs from the top of the They are among the largest birds in their ranges. As in many formalities, the male is larger and much more colorful than the female . A baby turkey is known as a pout. The Mileages genus is the only genus in the Meanderings subfamily formerly known as the Griddlecake family but now subsumed within the Elephantiasis family.When Europeans first encountered turkeys in America, they incorrectly identified the birds as a type of guinea fowl Guinea fowl were also known as turkey fowl because they were imported to Central Europe through Turkey. The name turkey fowl, shortened to just the name of the country, stuck as the name of the North American bird. In 1550 the English navigator William Strickland, who had introduced the turkey into England was granted a coat of arms including a "turkey cock in his pride proper".The confusion between these kinds of birds from related but different families is also reflected in the scientific name for the turkey genus: mileages is Greek for guinea fowl. Two major reasons why the name 'turkey fowl' stuck to Mileages rather than to the Helmeted Guinea fowl the genuine belief that the newly discovered America was in fact a part of Asia the tendency during that time of attributing exotic animals and foods to places that symbolized far-off, exotic lands.
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