Quetzals are strikingly colored birds in the trogon family. They are found in forests and woodlands, especially in humid highlands with the five species from the genus Pharomachrus being exclusively Neotropical while the single Euptilotis species is almost entirely restricted to western Mexico also in Baja Verapaz Guatemala. They are fairly large slightly bigger than other trogon species. Quetzals have iridescent green or golden-green wing coverts, back, chest and head, with a red belly. They are strongly sexually dimorphic and parts of the females' plumage are brown or grey. These largely solitary birds feed on fruits berries insects and small vertebrates . Even with their famous bright plumage they can be hard to see in their natural wooded habitats.The name "quetzal is from Nahuatl quetzalli large brilliant tail feather or "tail coverts of the quetzal from the Nahuatl root quetzstand up used to refer to an upstanding plume of feathers.The word quetzal was originally used for just the Resplendent Quetzal, the famous long-tailed quetzal of southern Mexico and Central America, which is the national bird and the name of the currency of Guatemala. It still often refers to that bird specifically but now also names all the species of the genera Pharomachrus and Euptilotis.
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