Wednesday, January 29, 2014

Bull Moose

Bull Moose
The moose or Eurasian elk  is the largest extant species in the deer family. Moose are distinguished by the palmate antlers of the males other members of the family have antlers with a dendrite  configuration. Moose typically inhabit arboreal and mixed deciduous forests of the Northern Hemisphere in temperate to subarctic climates. Moose used to have a much wider range but hunting and other human activities greatly reduced it over the years. Moose have been reintroduced to some of their former habitats. Currently most moose are found in Canada Alaska Scandinavia and Russia. Their diet consists of both terrestrial and aquatic vegetation. The most common moose predators are wolves bears and humans. Unlike most other deer species, moose are solitary animals and do not form herds. Although generally slow-moving and sedentary moose can become aggressive and move surprisingly quickly if angered or startled. Their mating season in the autumn can lead to spectacular fights between males competing for a female.After expanding for most of the 20th century, the moose population of North America has been in steep decline since the 1990. Populations expanded greatly with improved habitat and protection, but for unknown reasons the moose population is declining rapidly. In North America, the moose range includes almost all of Canada  most of Alaska, northern New England and upstate New York the upper Rocky Mountains, northern Minnesota, Michigan's Upper Peninsula and Isle Royal in Lake Superior. Within this massive range the most diverse range of subspecies exist, containing habitat for four of the six subspecies. In western portions of the continent, moose populations extend well north into Canada  and more isolated groups have been verified as far south as the mountains of Utah and Colorado and as far west as the Lake Wenatchee area of the Washington Cascades. The range includes Wyoming Montana, Idaho and smaller areas of Washington and Oregon.[10] In 1978 a few breeding pairs were reintroduced in western Colorado, and the state's moose population is now more than 1,000.


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